What helps with pigment spots? The best tips & tricks

 




Many women have pigment spots. But where do they come from? How do you avoid them? And how do you get rid of them? We know the causes and answer the most common questions about pigment spots.

Pigment spots: these are the causes of hyperpigmentation

Our body's protective mechanism is that our skin turns brownBecause as soon as it comes into contact with UV radiation, melanin production runs at full speed. This endogenous pigment (skin pigment) protects the skin by converting the rays into heat. Actually very clever!

However, this process in the skin can be disrupted by various factors. Then certain cells (melanocytes) either produce too much melanin, which leads to brown discoloration on the skin (hyperpigmentation). Because: The pigments are no longer evenly distributed, but clump together. But it can also happen that too little or no melanin is formed in some areas. This so-called depigmentation manifests itself in white spots on the skin.

What external influences can cause pigment spots?

If pigment disorders are genetic and differ from skin type to skin types, such as freckles or skin diseases such as white spot disease  ( vitiligo ), you can hardly do anything about it. However, many pigment spots only appear due to external influences or are intensified by them. These include hormonal changes, such as pregnancy or the use of birth control pills, high and long exposure to the sun without SPF, or photosensitizing medication.

The main cause of pigment spots, however, is strong UV exposure - this is why the discoloration occurs primarily in areas that are particularly exposed to the sun, such as the face, décolleté, arms, and hands. Since the skin increasingly had to do with hormone fluctuations or UV light with increasing age, many people call hyperpigmentation, i.e. dark skin spots also age spots (according to lipofuscin). These pigment spots appear especially on the hands - we have anti-aging tricks for the hands and other anti-aging topics. 

Pigment Spots: Are They Dangerous?

In the case of hyperpigmentation, a distinction is made between melasma and pigment spotsThe former is usually caused by hormone fluctuations and are ocher to light brown flat discolorations. They are mainly found on the face, upper lip, forehead, and cheekbones.

Pigment spots, on the other hand, do not only appear on the face, but also on the cleavage, hands, and arms. They are beige to dark brown, sharply delimited in shape, and usually only a few millimeters in diameter. They often occur as a result of increased UV radiation and can therefore often be observed in light-skinned, older women. This is where the term age spots come from. Not to be confused with liver spots (lat. Lentigines)These are usually congenital or arise in young adulthood. Here we tell you everything you need to know about removing moles.

Are they an omen for skin cancer?

Like pigment spots, melasma is completely harmless from a medical point of viewNevertheless, they should definitely be checked as part of the annual skin screening. Because UV radiation also promotes skin cancerLiver spots should also be screened annually, as they can degenerate and become malignant. Regular checks and demarcation of moles, melasma, and pigment spots by a doctor is therefore very important. And: always apply SPF 30-50!

How to prevent pigment spots:

Since hyperpigmentation mostly arises or is favored by exposure to the sun, a high level of SPF sun protection is the be-all and end-all for sensitive skin. This is particularly true during pregnancy or when taking the pill, as the skin is then usually more sensitive and sensitive. You should be careful not to use sun protection only with increasing age. It is optimal to wear UV protection with anti-aging that has been tested for skin tolerance from a young ageFor example, a day cream with SPF makes sense, but also hand creams and body lotions. It is better to avoid the midday sun in summer or on vacation to prevent any skin diseases or skin cancer.

How can you get rid of pigment spots?

  1. Creams with a lightening effect: So-called brightening creams (for example 'Even Brighter' from Eucerin or La Roche-Posay with the 'Pigmentclar' series) help to lighten pigment spots and prevent pigmentation disorders. The active ingredients contained can break down melanin The creams have to be used daily over a longer period of time so that the first results can be seen. Whitening creams with vitamin C, mulberry, or oleic acid extract can also reduce melanin production. With care and correction pens, you can specifically hide pigment spots.
  2. Chemical peels: With the help of acids, chemical peels are used in such a way that the skin underneath becomes irritated and begins to peel. A procedure that should definitely be evaluated and carried out by a specialist. Depending on the extent of pigmentation disorders, several sessions may be necessary. Since the new skin is very (light) sensitive after this treatment, it is advisable to only have chemical peelings carried out in the winter months. Impure skin also benefits from a chemical peel.
  3. Laser treatment: discoloration can also be removed with a laser. It hits precisely the cells that contain too much dye and dissolves them. The dye is then transported away by your own immune system. The aim is to protect the surrounding tissue as best as possible. As with chemical peeling, the laser treatment can only be carried out in the winter months so as not to put additional stress on the light-sensitive skin. And: always get advice from an expert!