Dry skin - causes and help


It can tense, sometimes even itch and form scales. Dry skin has too little oil and moisture. We show what really helps against this.

It can tense, sometimes even itch and form scales. Unlike oily skin, dry skin has too little oil and moisture. The skin type "dry skin" can be determined quickly. Without the immediate application of the cream, skin tightens after cleansing, itches, and even forms dandruff. In some parts of the body, it feels really rough. But how does this happen?

The skin's moisture barrier is disrupted, too much water is released to the outside, the skin dries out. The right cleansing and care are therefore particularly important for dry skin. Rich creams with natural vegetable oils, which are similar to the skin lipids in their lipid composition, for example, olive oil, evening primrose seed oil, argan oil, or grapeseed oil, are ideal for dry skin. Paired with substances that can bind the moisture in the skin, even dry skin can look firm and even again.

Dry skin: causes
The regulation of fat and moisture is disturbed: Dry facial skin can have genetic causes, but it can also be related to age. Over the years, the skin dries out increasingly. Sebum production decreases, the epidermis can bind less moisture and the sweat glands produce less sweat.

In general, strong sunlight, dry heating air, hot baths, and incorrect care increase the drying of the skin. Certain ingredients should therefore be avoided, such as alcohol or "Alcohol denat. (denatured alcohol), (exceptions: Ingredients such as cetyl alcohol or stearyl alcohol are commonly used, wax-like cosmetic thickeners that do not cause irritation), eucalyptus, mint, and generally an excess of fragrances are not for dry skin.

Dry skin on the face
Dry facial skin looks rough, shiny, or cracked, sometimes reddened or flaky, and can even itch. Wrinkles can also form or increase with dry skin. First-aid measures:

Avoid sun rays, alcohol, medication, heated air, soaps, and washing gel, as they can aggravate dry facial skin.
If it creases, flakes and itches, it is important to provide dry facial skin with sufficient moisture - this is especially true if the skin is unpleasantly tight. Water-in-oil emulsions can smooth the epidermis, while substances such as urea, hyaluronic acid, lactic acid, and glycerin help to retain moisture in the skin. We have subjected face cream with hyaluronic to editorial tests and tried out the most common products.
SOS helpers in terms of moisture are cloth masks. We have tried out which are particularly effective: sheet masks in the editorial test.
Soothing irritated skin that flakes - this requires intensive care, for example with a special serum for very dry skin that you apply daily.
It is important to treat the skin gently during cleansing. Cleansing milk is generally better than facial toner, and peeling should also be used sparingly. Micelle water is also one of the gentle cleansing methods.
Dry skin in winter
The problem in winter: Dry skin needs extra care because even at temperatures below eight degrees Celsius, the skin slows down sebum production and produces less fat. Moreover, heated air dries out sensitive skin. Also, we sweat less in winter, and because sweat also transports skin fat, the feeling of dryness increases.

Anyone who loves long winter walks should protect their dry skin with cold protection creams - preferably on a natural cosmetic basis. They lie on the skin like a film, sealing it and thus preventing moisture from being lost to the dry winter air. Back at home, however, the cream has to come off - otherwise the skin sweats. 

Skincare with mineral oils - yes or no?
Mineral oils (Paraffinum Liquidum) are contained in many skincare creams. They have the advantage of being long-lasting, but they lie on the skin like a film. The skin can no longer breathe properly, its function is restricted. You have the feeling that you have to reapply cream more and more often because the skin layers are tightening.

Mineral oil is of particular concern because studies have found out that Mineral Oil Aromatic Hydrocarbons, or MOAH for short, represent a "carcinogenic risk", according to the European Food Safety Authority, Efsa. Especially in lip care, mineral oil should be avoided, because it can be absorbed through the lips and thus get further into the body.

Dry skin in summer
The problem in summer: when we sweat, fluid is released through the skin and the skin dries out faster. Air conditioning and sunlight intensify this effect. Also, UV radiation naturally strains the skin. Sun cream and the UV filters it contains can also dry out the skin. Nevertheless, UV protection is natural

Is it still dry skin or already neurodermatitis? Clarify diseases!
Neurodermatitis and dry skin have a disorder of the skin barrier in common. Neurodermatitis manifests itself through red, scaly, sometimes weeping eczema on the skin and severe itching. Neurodermatitis occurs intermittently, it is treatable but not curable. We will explain to you what you can do against neurodermatitis of the face. If you are wondering whether your extremely dry and flaky skin is actually already at neurodermatitis, you should definitely have it clarified by a dermatologist. 

Also: We have many skin care tips for psoriasis - that helps with psoriasis!

Diseases like diabetes are also associated with dry skin. Extremely dry skin on the feet and hands or problems with chapped skin can be a warning sign! 

Beauty food against dry facial skin
Vitamin deficiency can also be a cause of dry facial skin. Vitamin A, vitamins from the B group, and biotin are responsible for keeping the skin healthy. Vitamin A helps to build new skin layers, stabilizes the cell walls, and thus ensures smooth skin.

Egg yolk, fatty fish (such as mackerel and salmon) contain vitamin A. Fruit and vegetables provide beta-carotene, which the body converts into vitamin A. Beta-carotene is found above all in strongly colored fruits and vegetables such as carrots, apricots, broccoli, kale, and peppers. Vitamin E reduces the skin's loss of moisture, it is contained in grains and nuts. We have 20 foods for beautiful skin and shiny hair.